"ဒစ်ဂျစ်တယ် စာကြည့်တိုက်" ၏ တည်းဖြတ်မှု မူကွဲများ

၃၃၅၆ ဘိုက် ပေါင်းထည့်ခဲ့သည် ,  ပြီးခဲ့သည့် ၂ နှစ်
Created by translating the page "Digital library"
(Created by translating the page "Digital library")
(Created by translating the page "Digital library")
 
ဒစ်ဂျစ်တယ်စာကြည့်တိုက်မှာ အရွယ်အစားနှင့် ပါဝင်သည့်အရာများ အမျိုးစုံရှိနိုင်သည်။ ၎င်းစာကြည့်တိုက်ကို တစ်ဦးချင်းဖြစ်စေ၊ အဖွဲ့အစည်းများမှဖြစ်စေ စောင့်ကြပ်လုပ်ဆောင်ပေးသည်။.<ref>{{Cite book|last=Witten|first=Ian H.|date=2009|title=How to Build a Digital Library|edition=2nd|publisher=Morgan Kaufman|isbn=9780080890395|accessdate=19 March 2018}}</ref> ဒစ်ဂျစ်တယ်ဖြင့်ပြုလုပ်ထားသည့်အရာများကို မိမိတစ်ဦးတည်းအသုံးပြုနိုင်သလိုကွန်ယက်ချိတ်ဆက်ပြီး ကွန်ပျူတာများကြားတွင်လည်းအသုံးပြုနိုင်သည်။ ထိုသို့ အချက်အလက်များရယူသည့်စနစ်မှာ အချင်းချင်းတွဲဖက်လုပ်ဆောင်နိုင်စွမ်း နှင့် ခံနိုင်စွမ်းရည်တို့ပေါ်တွင် မူတည်သည်။<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Lanagan|first=James|date=September 2012|title=Video digital libraries: contributive and decentralized|journal=[[International Journal on Digital Libraries]]|volume=12|issue=4|pages=159-178|doi=10.1007/s00799-012-0078-z}}</ref>.
 
== သမိုင်းကြောင်း ==
T
အစောပိုင်းစာကြည့်တိုက်များမှာ သေသေချာချာလုပ်ဆောင်ထားခြင်းမရှိသော်လည်း ထိုအယူအဆပေါ်မူတည်ပြီး ပိုမိုကောင်းမွန်အောင် လုပ်ဆောင်ခဲ့သည်။.<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Lynch|first=Clifford|date=2005|url=http://www.dlib.org/dlib/july05/lynch/07lynch.html|title=Where Do We Go From Here? The Next Decade for Digital Libraries|language=English|journal=D-Lib Magazine|volume=11|issue=7/8|issn=1082-9873|accessdate=30 April 2018|quote=This is a field with an incredibly rich, and, as yet, poorly chronicled pre-history and early history. There is a stream of work and ideas that reaches back to at least the turn of the 20th century, and includes such thinkers as H.G. Wells and Paul Otlet; later contributors to the pre-history of visions of new, technologically-enabled means of knowledge organization, access and distribution also include Vannevar Bush and J.C.R. Licklider.}}</ref> Predecessors include Paul Otlet and Henri La Fontaine's Mundaneum, an attempt begun in 1895 to gather and systematically catalogue the world's knowledge, with the hope of bringing about world peace.<ref>{{Cite book|last=Stocker|first=Gerfried|date=1 January 2014|chapter=Beyond Archives (or the Internet 100 years before the Internet)|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=b3aCCwAAQBAJ|title=Possible Futures: art, museums and digital archives|language=English|isbn=9788575963548|accessdate=30 April 2018|quote=Actually it was 1895 when Paul Otlet together with Henry La Fontaine, who was later awareded the Nobel Peace Prize, started a project - ''Mundaneum'' - that was initiated and driven by their idea that, if they would be able to collect all human knowledge and make it accessible to everybody worldwide, then this would bring about peace on Earth.}}</ref> Vannevar Bush and J.C.R. Licklider are two more contributors that advanced this idea into newer technology. Bush was seen as a researcher that assisted in making the bomb that was dropped on [[ဟီရိုရှီးမားမြို့|Hiroshima]]. After seeing the disaster, he wanted to create a machine that would show how technology can lead to understanding instead of destruction. This machine would include a desk with two screens, switches and buttons, and a keyboard<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Bush|first=Vannevar|date=July 1945|url=http://web.mit.edu/STS.035/www/PDFs/think.pdf|title=As We May Think|journal=[[The Atlantic Monthly]]|pages=101-108|accessdate=30 April 2018}}</ref>. He named this the "Memex." This way individuals would be able to access stored books and files at a rapid speed. In 1956, Ford Foundation funded Licklider to analyze how libraries could be improved with technology. Almost a decade later, his book entitled "''Libraries of the Future''" included his vision. He wanted to create a system that would use computers and networks so human knowledge would be accessible for human needs and feedback would be automatic for machine purposes. This system contained three components, the corpus of knowledge, the question, and the answer. Licklider called it a procognitive system.
 
== References ==
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