Documentation icon တမ်းပလိတ်မှတ်တမ်းလက်စွဲ[ကြည့်ရှု] [တည်းဖြတ်] [ရာဇဝင်] [ရှင်းသန့်]
Citation Style 1 တမ်းပလိတ်များ
{{Cite arXiv}}arXiv preprints
{{Cite AV media}}audio and visual
{{Cite AV media notes}}audio and visual liner notes
{{Cite bioRxiv}}bioRxiv preprints
{{Cite book}}စာအုပ်များ
{{Cite conference}}ကွန်ဖရင့် စာတမ်းများ
{{Cite encyclopedia}}edited collections
{{Cite episode}}ရေဒီယို သို့ ရုပ်မြင်သံကြား အစီအစဉ်တွဲများ
{{Cite interview}}အင်တာဗျူးများ
{{Cite journal}}academic journals and papers
{{Cite magazine}}မဂ္ဂဇင်းများ၊ အပတ်စဉ် လစဉ်ထုတ်များ
{{Cite mailing list}}public mailing lists
{{Cite map}}မြေပုံများ
{{Cite news}}သတင်းဆောင်းပါးများ
{{Cite newsgroup}}အွန်လိုင်း သတင်းအုပ်စုများ
{{Cite podcast}}podcasts
{{Cite press release}}သတင်းထုတ်ပြန်ချက်များ
{{Cite report}}အစီရင်ခံစာများ
{{Cite serial}}audio or video serials
{{Cite sign}}signs, plaques
{{Cite speech}}မိန့်ခွန်းများ
{{Cite techreport}}technical reports
{{Cite thesis}}theses
{{Cite web}}ဝဘ်ရင်းမြစ်များ

Citation Style 1 တမ်းပလိတ်သည် broadcast programs (television, radio, web) which use individual titles for a collection of episodes. It can also be used for similar works, such as early-20th-century theatrical serials. For serial publications, see {{Cite news}} and {{Cite journal}} အတွက် ကိုးကားချက်များဖန်တီးရာတွင် အသုံးပြုသည်။


အသုံးပြုရန်အတွက် အလွတ်တမ်းပလိတ်ကို ကူးယူပါ။ ပါရာမီတာများ အားလုံးနီးပါးသည် စာလုံးအသေးဖြင့်သာ အထောက်အပံ့ပေးသည်။ (some initialisms, such as |isbn= have upper case aliases like |ISBN=, which are acceptable for use)။ "|" (pipe) သင်္ကေတကို ပါရာမီတာများအကြားတွင် သုံးပါ။ တည်းဖြတ်အကွက်တွင် အမြင်ရှင်းလင်းစေရန် မသုံးသော ပါရာမီတာများကို ဖျက်ပစ်နိုင်သည်။ ဤလက်စွဲစာတမ်းရှိ နမူနာများတွင် လက်ရှိရက်စွဲများ ပါဝင်နေနိုင်သည်။ ရက်စွဲသည် လက်ရှိရက်စွဲမဟုတ်ပါက စာမျက်နှာကို ရှင်းသန့်ပါ။

Horizontal format

{{cite serial |title= |episode= |url= |series= |credits= |network= |station= |date= |number= |minutes= |transcript= |transcripturl=}}

Vertical format

{{cite serial
| title        = 
| episode      = 
| url          = 
| series       = 
| credits      = 
| network      = 
| station      =  
| date         =  
| number       = 
| minutes      = 
| transcript   =  
| transcripturl= 


{{cite serial |title=[[Genesis of the Daleks]] |series=[[Doctor Who]] |last=Nation |first=Terry (Writer) |authorlink=Terry Nation |last2=Maloney |first2=David |authorlink2=David Maloney |last3=Hinchcliffe |first3=Philip (Producer) |authorlink3=Philip Hinchcliffe |network=[[BBC]] |station=[[BBC One|BBC1]] |date=8 March – 12 April 1975}}

  • Nation၊ Terry (Writer); Maloney၊ David; Hinchcliffe၊ Philip (Producer) (8 March – 12 April 1975)။ Genesis of the DaleksDoctor WhoBBCBBC1 Cite has empty unknown parameter: |1= (အကူအညီ)

{{cite serial |title=ICP on Howard Stern 9.1.09 |series=[[The Howard Stern Show]] |last1=Stern |first1=Howard (host) |authorlink1=Howard Stern |last2=Insane Clown Posse (guests) |authorlink2=Insane Clown Posse |network=[[Sirius Satellite Radio]] |station=[[Howard 100 and Howard 101|Howard 100]] |date=1 September 2009 |url=}}



Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

If non-hyphenated aliases of parameters with hyphens are defined, they exist only for legacy support (and are subject to become unsupported in the future); therefore, to streamline the appearance and improve consistency, select the hyphenated variant when adding parameters to a citation template and also consider switching already present non-hyphenated parameters to their hyphenated equivalents at the same time.

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata. See Wikipedia:COinS. As a general rule, only one data item per parameter. Do not include explanatory or alternate text:

  • use |date=27 September 2007 not |date=27 September 2007 (print version 25 September)

Use of templates within the citation template is discouraged because many of these templates will add extraneous HTML or CSS that will be included raw in the metadata. Also, HTML entities, for example  , –, etc., should not be used in parameters that contribute to the metadata. Do not include Wiki markup '' (italic font) or ''' (bold font) because these markup characters will contaminate the metadata.

COinS metadata is created for these parametersပြင်ဆင်

Note: This table of metadata is displayed for all Citation Style 1 templates. Not all of these parameters are supported by every CS1 template. Some of these parameters are mutually exclusive, some are aliases of another parameter, and some require other parameters to be present. Please refer to each template's documentation for a full list of supported parameters, their aliases, and their dependencies.

  • |periodical=, |journal=, |newspaper=, |magazine=, |work=, |website=, |encyclopedia=, |encyclopaedia=, |dictionary=
  • |chapter=, |script-chapter=, |contribution=, |script-contribution=, |entry=, |script-entry=, |article=, |script-article=, |section=, |script-section=
  • |title=, |script-title=, |book-title=, |booktitle=
  • |publication-place=, |place=, |location=, |publicationplace=
  • |date=, |year=, |publication-date=, |publicationdate=
  • |series=, |version=
  • |volume=, |issue=, |number=
  • |page=, |pages=, |at=
  • |edition=
  • |publisher=, |institution=
  • |url=, |chapter-url=, |contribution-url=, |section-url=, |chapterurl=, |contributionurl=, |sectionurl=
  • |author-last=, |author-last#=, |author#-last=, |author-surname=, |author-surname#=, |author#-surname=, |last=, |last#=, |surname=, |surname#=, |author=, |author#=, |subject=, |subject#=, |host=, |host#=
  • |author-first=, |author-first#=, |author#-first=, |author-given=, |author-given#=, |author#-given=, |first=, |first#=, |given=, |given#=
  • |degree=
  • |arxiv=, |bibcode=, |biorxiv=, |citeseerx=, |doi=, |eissn=, |eprint=, |hdl=, |isbn=, |issn=, |jfm=, |jstor=, |lccn=, |message-id=, |mr=, |oclc=, |osti=, |pmc=, |pmid=, |rfc=, |ssrn=, |s2cid=, |zbl=

တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style documentation/sep period


အကူအညီ:CS1 အမှားများ

In addition to the above list(s) of deprecated and removed parameters, all non-hyphenated aliases of parameters with hyphens are discouraged to be used in citation templates and are kept only for legacy support. They are subject to becoming deprecated and unsupported in the future as well. To streamline the appearance and improve consistency across the project, these variants should no longer be used when adding parameters to citation templates. Instead, select the hyphenated parameter variants and also consider switching other non-hyphenated parameters, which may be present in a citation already, to their hyphenated equivalents at the same time.



  • last: Surname of a single author. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. For corporate authors or authors for whom only one name is listed by the source, use last or one of its aliases (e.g. |author=Bono). Aliases: surname, author, last1, surname1, author1.
    • author: this parameter is used to hold the complete name of a single author (first and last) or to hold the name of a corporate author. This parameter should never hold the names of more than one author. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead.
    • first: Given or first names of author; for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use author-link instead. Aliases: given, first1, given1. Requires last; first name will not display if last is empty.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through lastn, firstn, where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of authors (each firstn requires a corresponding lastn, but not the other way around). See the display parameters to change how many authors are displayed. Aliases: surname1, given1 through surnamen, givenn, or author1 through authorn. For an individual author plus an institutional author, you can use |first1=...|last1=...|author2=....
    • author-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: author-link1, authorlink, authorlink1, author1-link, author1link.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use author-link1 through author-linkn. Aliases: authorlink1 through authorlinkn, or author1-link through authorn-link, or author1link through authornlink.
    • name-list-style: accepts a limited list of keywords as value; when set to amp, ampersand, or &, inserts an ampersand between the last two names in a name list; when set to and, inserts the conjunction 'and' between the last two names of a name list; when set to vancdisplays name lists in Vancouver style when the lists use the last/first forms of name parameters. Alias: name-list-format (deprecated)
  • vauthors: comma-separated list of author names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses. End with etal if appropriate:
    |vauthors=Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corp.)), etal
    • author-link and author-mask may be used for the individual names in |vauthors= as described above
  • authors: Free-form list of author names; use of this parameter is discouraged because it does not contribute to a citation's metadata; not an alias of last.
  • translator-last: Surname of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator-surname, translator1, translator1-last, translator-last1.
    • translator-first: Given or first names of translator. Do not wikilink—use translator-link instead. Aliases: translator-given, translator1-first, translator-first1.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-last1, translator-first1 through translator-lastn, translator-firstn, where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of translators (each translator-firstn requires a corresponding translator-lastn, but not the other way around). Aliases: translator1-last, translator1-first through translatorn-last, translatorn-first, or translator1 through translatorn.
    • translator-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator—not the translator's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: translator-link1, translator1-link.
    • OR: for multiple translators, use translator-link1 through translator-linkn. Aliases: translator1-link through translatorn-link.
  • collaboration: Name of a group of authors or collaborators; requires author, last, or vauthors listing one or more primary authors; follows author name-list; appends "et al." to author name-list.
  • Note: When using shortened footnotes or တမ်းပလိတ်:Paren styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field, or else the anchor will not match the inline link.
Aliases: credits, author.


တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style documentation/title တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style documentation/series episode တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style documentation/transcript တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style documentation/type တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style documentation/language


တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style documentation/date


တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style documentation/publisher

Edition, volumeပြင်ဆင်

တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style documentation/edition တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style documentation/volume

In-source locationsပြင်ဆင်

တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style documentation/season တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style documentation/time တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style documentation/pages


တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style documentation/url


တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style documentation/ref


တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style documentation/network တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style documentation/id2


တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style documentation/quote


တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style documentation/editor


တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style documentation/lay

Display optionsပြင်ဆင်

တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style documentation/display

တမ်းပလိတ်:Citation Style 1 တမ်းပလိတ်:Wikipedia referencing တမ်းပလိတ်:UF-COinS